No Dearth of Sun Gods: Germanic Solar Religion

Written by Dyami Millarson Germanic religion does not have a missing Sun God problem: there is Sól in the North Germanic tradition and Sunna in the West Germanic tradition. There is a host of Old Norse terms for Gods, and three of them particularly stand out for the purpose of studying Germanic solar religion: Tívar,Continue reading “No Dearth of Sun Gods: Germanic Solar Religion”

Heimdallr as Liminal Deity

Written by Dyami Millarson Heimdallr is a Vörðr — keep this Old Norse term in mind because it is important for understanding the nature of Heimdallr. A Vörðr is a warden, watchman, guardian, protector. In the Germanic polytheistic-animistic hierarchy, Heimdallr is a higher type of Border Spirit. He guards the boundaries of Asgarth and Mithgarth;Continue reading “Heimdallr as Liminal Deity”

What Does Persian Polytheism Look Like?

Written by Dyami Millarson Persian polytheism or Persian paganism is the eldest indigenous religion of the Persians (modern-day Iranians). The later Zoroastrian religion is inspired upon this original Persian religion, and thus adopts many elements from the earliest Persian religion. The Encyclopedia Iranica says in its first article on the history of Zoroastrianism: “[T]he newContinue reading “What Does Persian Polytheism Look Like?”

Sacrificial Cock (US: Sacrificial Rooster) in Germanic Folk Religion

Written by Dyami Millarson “The sacrifice of a cock was a custom in Germany [= Germania],” says Angelo de Gubernatis on page 290 of vol. II of the 1872 work Zoological Mythology: Or, the Legends of Animals. On the same page, Angelo de Gubernatis informs us that “the Danes were accustomed to carry two cocksContinue reading “Sacrificial Cock (US: Sacrificial Rooster) in Germanic Folk Religion”

The Concept of ‘Hebi’ in Surinamian Folk Religion

Written by Dyami Millarson What I heard on Friday 24 December inspired me to write this article. That day I heard about the Surinamian folk religious concept of ‘hebi’ in relation to receiving others’ animals. The same day a Frisian farmer told me that he uses only his own animals as much as possible sinceContinue reading “The Concept of ‘Hebi’ in Surinamian Folk Religion”

Germanic Gods as Cultural Symbols

Written by Dyami Millarson The Germanic Gods were powerful unifying cultural symbols in the Germanic-speaking world. They were banners people could rally behind. The cultural symbolism embodied by the Germanic Gods may be expressed artistically (such as through depictions in the form of embroideries, wooden statues, dolls of various materials), linguistically (such as through namesContinue reading “Germanic Gods as Cultural Symbols”

On the Definition of Germanic Theology

Written by Dyami Millarson Germanic theology is the study of Germanic divine matters. Germanic historical theology is the study of historical sources concerning Germanic divine matters. Germanic systematic theology is the study of principles or patterns relating to the Germanic divine matters. Germanic practical theology is the study of practices related to the divine matters.Continue reading “On the Definition of Germanic Theology”

Comprehending Germanic Polytheism Requires Detective Work

Written by Dyami Millarson In order to understand the essence of Germanic polytheism, detective work is required: one has to find leads. Much of the information about Germanic paganism is based on regurgitation (repetition of information without analysis). I wish more information about Germanic religion wete truly original. More input from human creativity would actuallyContinue reading “Comprehending Germanic Polytheism Requires Detective Work”

Sources of Gothic Folk Religion

Written by Dyami Millarson The following are important sources for our knowledge of Gothic paganism: Sabbas the Goth whose story has been described by Epiphanius where the Gothic ritual consumption of sacrificial meat is mentioned; Likewise, Nicetas the Goth (see page 86 of Ulfilas: Apostle of the Goths) whose deeds (known as Actae Nicetae) haveContinue reading “Sources of Gothic Folk Religion”